Peace Boulevard
Peace Boulevard has three names. The other two are Hundred-Meter Boulevard and Hijiyama-Kogo Road. It runs 3,570 meters from Tsurumi-cho in the east to Fukushima-cho in the west and is 100 meters wide, hence the name, Hundred-Meter Boulevard. It's official name, Peace Boulevard, was formally assigned in November 1951.
Today, Peace Boulevard is a popular thoroughfare with plenty of green spaces in which people can rest and relax, but it was widely criticized in the planning stage. Writer Yoko Ohta wrote in her book "A city and its people with evening calm" that "It's more like a wide plain of devastation than a road."
By the mid-1950s, it was finally taking shape as a road. Then, in 1957-58, the boulevard was transformed by a massive tree-planting campaign. Residents throughout Hiroshima Prefecture responded generously to a call for 120,000 trees. The campaign a great success, and trees donated by villages deep in the mountains turned Peace Boulevard into a long, well-decorated, richly expressive park.
Click on any photo for detailed information.
From Yoko Ohta's " A city and it's people with evening Calm-the Situation in 1953"
"I don't know what it was created for, but look at that huge Hundred-Meter Road. The weeds have grown so tall the street seems dark even during the day. It's hard to walk on it ---. We were told to get out of the way because they're going to make this a park. Make the park on this Hundred-meter Road."
Essays by Yoko Ohta A city and it's people with evening calm. Republished by the Japan Book Center, 2001