2. Movements in Nuclear Disarmament
1955 8.6 First World Council against A and H bombs held.
1961 11.24 UN General Assembly passes resolution banning use of nuclear weapons.
1963 8.5 US, UK, and USSR sign Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (effectuated on 10/10 of that year).
1968 7.1 Nuclear Proliferation Treaty (NPT) signed (effectuated on 3/5/1970).
1987 12.8 US, USSR, and China sign Treaty Banning Intermediate-range Nuclear Force (INF) (effectuated on 6/1/1988).
1991 7.31 US and USSR sign first Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I) (effectuated 12/5/1994).
The first treaty in history to reduce weapons, during the seven years following effectuation, it reduced strategic nuclear warheads to 6,000.
9.27 US presents disarmament proposal.
1. Unilateral abolition of all ground artillery-fired atomic projectiles and strategic nuclear missile nuclear warheads.
2. Unilateral removal of all tactical nuclear weapons loaded on marine warships and attack-type nuclear submarines.
Soviet Union presents disarmament proposal.
1. Total abolition of ground-deployed tactical nuclear weapons
2. Removal of all tactical nuclear weapons from marine warships and general submarines.
3. Unilateral suspension of nuclear testing for one year.
1992 7.13 US president announces suspension of plutonium production for nuclear weapons and high-density uranium.
1993 1.3 US and Russia sign the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START II) (not yet effectuated) which reduces strategic nuclear warheads to 1/3 (3,000-3,500) by the year 2003 and ban the deployment of ground-launched multiple warhead intercontinental ballistic missiles.
1994 1.25 The Geneva Conference on Disarmament adopts a written proposal for starting negotiations on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
1995 5.11 Nuclear Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is extended indefinitely.
11.7 Hiroshima Mayor Hiraoka and Nagasaki Mayor Iccho Ito offer opinions on the illegality of nuclear weapons at the International Court of Justice.
1996 1.26 START II is ratified by the US Senate (but not yet ratified by Russian Parliament)
7.8 At the request of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the UN General Assembly, the International Court of Justice hands down an advisory opinion on the illegality of using nuclear weapons.
7.29 China conducts its 45th nuclear test. Thirty days later, proclamation of the Mosdram Accord freezes nuclear testing.
9.10 At the 50th UN General Assembly Special Conference, the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) is ratified by an overwhelming margin.
1996 12.5 Former Allied Forces Commander-in-Chief Goodpasture, former US Strategic Air Force Commander-in-Chief Butler, and 59 other persons from 17 nations announced the "Call from Generals for the Abolition of Nuclear Weapons"
12.10 Based on the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice, the UN General Assembly adopted resolutions to request multilateral negotiations for nuclear disarmament to begin in 1997 and to request progressive nuclear disarmament aiming ultimately for the abolition of nuclear weapons.
A total of 115 countries supported the resolutions, 22 (including four nuclear powers) opposed, and 32 countries including Japan abstained. Of the nuclear powers, only China supported the resolution.
1997 3.21 US and Russian leaders agree at the Helsinki Summit to reduce nuclear weapons
1. After the effectuation of START II (the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty), negotiations will begin on START III, which will reduce the number of nuclear warheads on each side to 2,000-2,500 by the end of the year 2007.
2. The implementation period for START II was extended to the end of 2007.
1998 2.2 The "Joint Declaration of World Civilian Leaders on Nuclear Weapons" is announced by former US President Carter, former Soviet Union President Gorbachev, and 115 others from 46 nations.
2004 1.6 Libya, which had been suspected as a potential nuclear weapon state, agree to give up its weapons of mass destruction program, and ratified the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). It also joined and ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention(CWC).
US/Russian Strategic Nuclear Weapons Reduction Displayed Graphically