Aiming for the Success of the 2010 NPT Review Conference Initiatives by this Foundation and Hiroshima City
The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference
that will be held in New York in May this year will be an extremely important conference aiming for a global consensus to achieve a “world free of nuclear weapons”.
Since U.S. President Obama’s address in Prague in April last year, global momentum for the abolition of nuclear weapons has been accelerating and included the start of negotiations
between the United States and Russia on the treaty to succeed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty I (START I), and the unanimous adoption of the resolution on a “world free of nuclear weapons”
at the special meeting of heads of state at the United Nations Security Council in September.
To ensure that this momentum grows even stronger, it is necessary to set clear deadlines to hasten the abolition of nuclear weapons. To do so, Hiroshima City and Mayors for Peace
are implementing the 2020 Vision Campaign (Note 1) for the abolition of nuclear weapons by 2020, and are working towards the adoption of the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol (Note 2),
which is the specific roadmap for that objective, at the NPT Review Conference this May.
Mayors for Peace is using every opportunity, including the NPT Review Conference Preparatory Committee, the United Nations Annual DPI/NGO Conference, and the Annual Meeting of the US Conference
of Mayors, to proactively lobby national governments and other organizations and request the proposal and adoption of the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol at the NPT Review Conference.
Mayors for Peace is also working in collaboration with peace NGOs in various nations to implement a range of activities.
In terms of municipal activities, this Foundation and Hiroshima City, are calling for signatures from the heads of cities who support the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol,
and have currently collected over 1,000 signatures from heads of cities in Japan and overseas. We are also working to increase momentum for the adoption of the Protocol at the NPT Review Conference,
through the creation of a booklet that provides an easy-to-understand commentary of the content of the Protocol, and other activities.
This Foundation and Hiroshima City are also collaborating with the Nationwide Caravan activity being conducted by a citizens’ organization (the Yes! Campaign Executive Committee),
to call for support for the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol and recruit members to Mayors for Peace.
With respect to civic activities, over 620,000 signatures hace currently been collected as part of a civic petition activity, the Cities Are Not Targets (CANT) Project.
This project is being spread widely across different generations with the support of junior and senior high school students collecting signatures on the streets in various regions,
as well as through online signatures via the Internet (Note 3).
In the future, this Foundation will work to further increase the number of member cities in the lead-up to the NPT Review Conference. We will also be urging those cities
that are already members to make a joint request to each country’s respective national government to adopt the Protocol.
In Hiroshima City, the NPT 2010 Strategy Promotion Division has been
launched with the Mayor of Hiroshima as Chief of the Division, the Deputy
Mayors and Chairperson of this Foundation as Deputy Chiefs of the Division,
and the heads of the relevant bureau as division members. The Division’s
activities are centered on 6 pillars: lobbying the Japanese government
and the governments of other countries, publicizing the Hiroshima-Nagasaki
Protocol, increasing the number of cities that are members of Mayors for
Peace (the target is, 5,000 cities), promoting the Obamajority Campaign,
making appeals using origami cranes, and incorporating the voices of our children who are calling for
the abolition of nuclear weapons. Based on these six pillars, we are implementing
various initiatives, including the lobbying of government heads and making
requests to ambassadors in Japan.
As of December 1 last year, we strengthened the organization of our Foundation by newly appointing an executive responsible for Mayors for Peace, NPT, and support for studying
an invitation to hold the Olympics.
At the global level, nations, peace NGOs and other organizations that strongly wish for the abolition of nuclear weapons are working in collaboration with Mayors for Peace,
commencing multi-lateral negotiations to achieve the abolition of nuclear weapons and various activities aiming for the conclusion of a treaty for the abolition of nuclear weapons.
In line with these global trends, Hiroshima City and this Foundation, together with Mayors for Peace, need to accelerate the moves towards the abolition of nuclear weapons,
and achieve our objective of abolition by 2020. At the same time we are working to achieve synergies with the plan announced by Hiroshima City together with Nagasaki City in October last year
to examine holding the Olympics in the two cities in 2020.
In the future Hiroshima City and this Foundation will continue to put all our efforts into the achievement of the abolition of nuclear weapons by 2020, by first ensuring
that the NPT Review Conference in May is a fruitful meeting.
（Note 1-3） For information on the 2020 Vision Campaign,
the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol and online signatures via the Internet, please refer to http://www.mayorsforpeace.org/english/index.html for details.