そのころの日本
 


Military City Hiroshima
Though Hiroshima City's many schools earned it the name "education city," it equally deserved to be called "military city." In 1871, Hiroshima became one of the first Japanese cities to have a military base. Particularly during the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) and the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), soldiers and goods were dispatched from Ujina Port in the city to the war front. As receptacle to an endless flow of people and goods, Hiroshima flourished. Military facilities cropped up around the city. By 1943, the year of Sadako's birth, the military occupied around 10% of the city area.

The Meiji Emperor in Hiroshima during the Sino-Japanese War
During the Sino-Japanese War, the National Diet convened in Hiroshima, making the city a kind of temporary capital of Japan.
"The Hiroshima Provisional Diet Building"; 1894 woodblock print
Collection: Hiroshima Central City Library
Food canning at the Hiroshima Army Provisions Depot (making food and other goods for the army). Japan's only military canning plant was in Hiroshima.

Collection: Shigeru Uchiyama
Courtesy: Museum of Traditional Provincial Industry