Development of the Atomic Bomb
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Hitler and the Atomic Bomb

While Japan was fighting the Pacific War, World War II was engulfing Europe. Led by Adolf Hitler, Germany invaded its neighboring countries one by one, while battling Britain, France and the other Allied countries. Interested in the possibility of generating massive energy by splitting uranium nuclei, Hitler was preparing research to build an atomic bomb.

Understanding the Mechanism of Nuclear Fission
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Worried that Hitler, who was persecuting Jews throughout Europe, would soon have an atomic bomb, Hungarian-born Jewish physicist Leo Szilard wrote U.S. President Roosevelt a letter trying to persuade him to beat Germany in building such a bomb. World-renowned scholar and Nobel Prize recipient Albert Einstein put his signature on the letter.