People Living in
Hiroshima on that Day
As the Japanese army lost one battle after another on fronts in Southeast
Asia and the Pacific Ocean, soldiers perished in great numbers. Filling
the ranks required continually drafting new men. Left at home were women
and children. The only males were schoolboys and elderly men.
Elementary schools had been renamed "national schools."
National school students in the third grade and higher were sent to
live apart from their families in mass school
Students in junior high school and higher grades stayed in Hiroshima.
All through summer vacation as well, they were required to work as laborers
demolition or weapons factories.
Students mobilized to work at
the Hiroshima Army Ordnance Supply Depot; around 1943
Collection: Hiroshi Yano
Courtesy: Hiroshima City
Because Hiroshima had so many military facilities, military
personnel and foreign prisoners of war were in the city when it was
bombed. So were many Koreans and people from Taiwan and the Chinese
mainland who had been brought to Japan. All these are included in the
estimated total population of about 350,000 people in Hiroshima at the
time of bombing.
8:15 a.m., August 6
The world's first atomic bomb was dropped in the sky over all these people.