Organization of Volunteer Citizen Corps
In Japan during World War II, many laws and decrees, including the National Mobilization Law, National Mobilization Order, and decrees for volunteer labor of students and women were enacted in order to ensure that all citizens joined the war effort.
In the cabinet meeting on March 23, 1945, “Matters regarding Volunteer Citizen Corps” was established and the volunteer citizen corps were scheduled to be formed. Volunteer citizen corps were responsible for the systematic enhancement of production and defense for the time being. In an emergency, members were to take up arms in preparation for combat. Except for invalids, pregnant women and nursing mothers, all citizens who had completed lower-level grades of elementary schools were subject to the formation of the volunteer citizen corps⎯up to age 65 for men and up to age 45 for women. Since young men were conscripted into the military in those days, most members of the volunteer citizen corps were men in their forties or older, and women.
Hiroshima Prefecture promulgated “Notice of Order regarding the Management of Volunteer Citizen Corps” for all municipality heads as of May 7, and instructed them to form volunteer citizen corps by May 20.
Notice of Order regarding the Management of Volunteer Citizen Corps
Notice of Order regarding the Management of Volunteer Citizen Corps This document was issued by the Hiroshima Prefectural Government to each municipality head as of May 7, 1945 ordering the formation of volunteer citizen corps by May 20.
General Principles of Hiroshima Prefecture Volunteer Citizen Corps
In this document, the expression “We members of the ranks” appears repeatedly.