To the City
−Search, Rescue, and Relief−

Worried about Their Loved Ones Looking for Treatment

People staring at list of people housed in relief station

Around August 12 Kamiya-cho 260m from the hypocenter
Taken by Yotsugi Kawahara Courtesy of Association of the Photographers of the Atomic (Bomb) Destruction of Hiroshima

Parents and child heading for the relief station

A man helps his child and wife, who have suffered severe burns, into a car, and are heading for a relief station.
August 9-12 Minami-machi 2-chome 2,350m from the hypocenter
Taken by Hajime Miyatake Courtesy of Asahi Shimbun

Official notice from Hiroshima Prefecture Governor, dated August 7, 1945

This notice was posted throughout the city. It incited people who had suffered the bomb's damage: "While the damage from the bomb is extensive, because this is war we cannot take a moment's rest. Be prepared to destroy the arrogant enemy."
Donated by Tadahi Hisayuki

Boy receiving treatment at Hiroshima Red Cross Hospital

August 9-12 Senda-machi 1-chome 1,500m from the hypocenter Taken by Hajime Miyatake Courtesy of Asahi Shimbun

Article on medical care after the atomic bombing, August 1945

Chojiro Tsutsumi (then, 66), who was a general practitioner at Hijiyama-hon-machi, treated the wounded from immediately after the bombing. Donated by Mitsuko Tsutsumi

Dr. Tsutsumi's article

15th Weather: Fine
Around 3pm, in the afternoon news, there was an announcement made by the Emperor himself. He said that we had unconditionally surrendered. So this is why those noisy enemy planes that are always flying over have stopped coming. Ah, so the war has come to an end.
     If the war has ended, then we no longer have to worry about air raids. Right up until this very moment, I had been worried about how to make ends meet in the future, but now it's decided. I will carry on as is, the country will recover ? I suddenly felt courageous and motivated to clean the house and get things done.
     Today, bomb victims from nearby, Mrs. Tagami and her child, came to be treated at the hospital. Mrs. Tagami's husband had suffered burns from the bombing on the 6th, and had passed away a few days later in the shelter at Hijiyama Hill. Mrs. Tagami had been living in that shelter for a few days since then, I felt so sorry for her.

Yoshitada Sakamoto's diary

Yoshitada Sakamoto (then, 35) was a military medic in Akatsuki Corps. He provided treatment to the victims from immediately after the bomb was dropped.
Donated by Yoshitada Sakamoto

Yoshitada Sakamoto's diary

August 11 to 21, 1945 Saturday Weather: Fine
I arrived in Inokuchi by the car transport service, and started treating the wounded straight away. We were given responsibility for the elementary school in Itsukaichi from the 12th, and nine of us went there every day. Many people died during that time.
On the 15th, when I heard the announcement by the Emperor that we had surrendered to the Allies, I was so disappointed that I couldn't put any energy into my treatment. I felt incredible regret. That night I just could not sleep.
On the 18th I received a letter from my wife at the field hospital. She said that everyone is well. But I think that today, hearing about Hiroshima, she must be worried.

*Diary entries have been changed to modern script and summarized where appropriate.

Hiroshima, 1945

−A-bomb Damage Revealed in Photographs−