42 Memorial Tower to the Mobilized Students
July 15, 1967
Established by :
Hiroshima Prefecture Mobilized Student Victims Association
To make up for the labor shortage, the government enacted
the Student Labor Service Act in August 1944. This act required students
in middle school and higher grades to perform labor service in munitions
factories and the like. Then, in November, many students were required to
participate in tearing down homes and other buildings (building demolition).
The purpose was to create fire-breaks to limit the expansion of fire in
the event of air attacks. In Hiroshima City, of the roughly 8,400 students
in the national upper level schools, about 6,300 died on the day of the
Most students working at various industries around the city were also killed.
After the war, the government only permitted mobilized students killed in
the atomic bombing or in air strikes whose names and date of death were
known to be enshrined in Yasukuni Shrine. In response to this, bereaved
families began a movement to create a list of the dead and donated funds
to build this tower.