After the A-bombing, injured people in search of first-aid made their way to the still intact Hiroshima Red Cross Hospital,which was turned into atemporary relief station. However, medical supplies were soon exhausted, and most of the doctors and nurses were killed or injured, so the vast majority were able to receive no treatment. Untold numbers died waiting for attention.
In September 1956 a special medical facility,Atomic Bomb Hospital, was added to offer healthcare, examinations and treatment specifically to A-bomb survivors.

Location: Senda-machi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima
Distance from the hypocenter: 1.5 kilometers south
Floor space: About 4,900 m2
Structure: Ferro-concrete, 3 floors above ground, 1 basement
Completed: February 1939
Demolition: March 1993
Design: Koichi Sato Architectural Design Office
Preservation: September 1993, a northern section of the third floor where the steel frame was bent by the A-bomb blast was cut away, relocated within the hospital grounds, and preserved as monument.

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