Riding the wave of modernization, Hiroshima's military and educational aspects gradually strengthened. During the first Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895), an Imperial Headquarters that served as command center for the war was established in the city, lending Ujina Port a distinctly military tone. In 1902, the first Higher School of Education outside of Tokyo opened in Hiroshima. These examples illustrate the traditional character of the city.
Each time Japan became involved in military action, army forces gathered in Hiroshima and dispatched troops. Military facilities expanded every year. Courtesy of Hiroshima Municipal Archives
The Meiji and Taisho Periods